By Lalit Garg
Ancient Indian education system focused on building a disciplined and values-based culture. Human values such as trust, respect, honesty, dignity and courtesy are the building blocks of any free and advanced society. These values and authentic culture crowned the title of ‘Vishwaguru‘ in India. But India lost the title of ‘Vishwaguru‘due to the prolonged struggle and the weakening of moral strength. India has weakened by losing its rich values and culture. As part of a conspiracy, the British weakened India’s ancient powerful education system. By declaring our superior knowledge of the Vedas; a myth and impractical and disrupted the mainstream of education. During the struggle for freedom, the freedom fighters understood this well, but the governments formed after independence paid no attention and adopted the British education system, which by erasing ethical values and filling Western thought which has become fatal for countries.
To protest against British education, Rabindranath Thakur was first followed by Maharishi Arvind, Swami Vivekananda, Sister Nivedita, Swami Dayan and Saraswati, Lal-Bal-Pal and Gandhiji kept the flame of national education alight. At the same time, a holistic and coordinated campaign of ancient and modern education has started in the form of Vidya Bharati according to Hindu ideology. When non-Indian education continued to be provided even in independent India, Vidya Bharati then launched the campaign to educate about Indian values in the field of education. In 1952, Vidya Bharati’s first Saraswati Shishu Mandir program was started in Gorakhpur. Today, approximately 25,000 Vidya Bharati education centers are functioning, in which education is dispensed from person building to nation building. The role of Vidya Bharati, the contributor of the education revolution, in building a new India and in raising the general and strong awareness of the people, is neither in words nor in any means. This active nation-building education campaign is not only unique, wonderful, miraculous, but also vast.
Vidya Bharti whose full name is Vidya Bharti All India Institute of Education. This institute is aptly named. From Leh in the north, Rameswaram in the south and Munabao along the border with Pakistan in the west to Haflong in the northeast are the Vidya Mandirs of Vidya Bharati. From thriving settlements in large metropolises to small settlements in Girikandara, the education centers of Vidya Bharati are engaged in this important task of nation building. From an organizational point of view, Vidya Bharti has divided the whole country into eleven regions. There is a regional committee in each region, under the direction of which the provincial committees deal with the affairs of their respective provinces. Within the framework of these provincial committees, the district committee and the school committee carry out direct work. All of these eleven committees work under the direction of the Central Committee.
The headquarters of the Central Committee are in the country’s capital, Delhi. The total number of districts in the country is 711, of which 632 are functional districts. Total formal schools 12,830, total informal centers 11,353, total educational units 24,183, the number of students studying in the country is 34 lakh 47,000 856, the total of teachers is 1.5 lakh. Based on these statistics, it can be said that Vidya Bharati is the largest educational institution not only in the country but also in the world at the non-governmental level. Although not governmental, Vidya Bharati is also the most efficient educational institution.
Education plays an important role in the development of any society and nation. Education is the bridge that animates individual consciousness and group consciousness with national, cultural and spiritual values. Among the problems facing India, the free education policy given on the Western model has been a burning reason. When education itself becomes worthless, how will the culture of values flourish in the country? Currently, the aim of education is not to improve life, but to raise economic standards. Vidya Bharati’s goal is: “If India’s future is to change, then we need to pay attention to the next generation, they will have to connect with their culture and values. Acharya Vinoba Bhave gave education according to Indian values instead of English education. But his suggestions and ideas were ignored. Not only that, the education of the country was entrusted to those people who suffered from an English mentality.
In ancient times, there was a 24 hour education system in the Gurukul. The overall development of the student has been done by being in front of the guru all the time, but at present life is not getting strong and capable due to the education received in the form of salary, literacy and livelihoods. The reason for Vidya Bharati’s need for education was that “in present day education the concept of livelihood is taught, but the concept of life is not taught. The whole personality cannot be formed by simply joining in with the issue of livelihood. The emphasis is on the English language, self-languages are neglected. To address these gaps, despite the formation of numerous commissions, the country’s education system has not been able to prove to be functional. In this situation, Vidya Bharati took the initiative to fill the education gap. It is not only through the education of books that the personality of the students is formed, it is also necessary to give a character education to their life. If good values are given to students from the start, their minds are inspired by values based education, then they can become a gift for the country. Without proper training, they can also put their lives in the abyss of destruction by participating in turmoil, turmoil and violent tendencies.
Vidya Bharati’s project is a boon for the complete personality formation of students in the field of education. It’s not just about book knowledge, it’s about building a balanced and complete personality through experimentation. Physical, mental, intellectual and emotional development is possible thanks to this method. Vidya Bharati wants to develop such a national educational system, through which such a young generation can be created, full of Hindutva and patriotism, fully developed in the physical, vital, mental, intellectual and spiritual point of view and which lives life. The main goal of Vidhya Bharti is to train students in difficult situations and successfully face the current challenges of the country and make its life harmonious, prosperous and cultivated.
Be dedicated to creating new chapters in life. There are four dimensions of Vidya Bharati – there is a scientific council to enhance students’ powerful and practical knowledge. There is a research department to do action research in education to make it more useful. There is a cultural awareness project to bring Indian culture to life and for that the values given to our alumni remain indelible, for this there is an alumni council. It is a great pleasure that Vidya Bharti Alumni Council has added more than eight lakh alumni to their portal, which has become a world record.
The ability to do this saying ‘Sa Vidya ya Vimuktaye’ lies in the education of Vidya Bharati. Here, education is given to the student not only to get higher grades by passing the exam, but to become a balanced citizen while facing the challenges of life, to build the nation and spend life for the entire humanity. Such a life is made not only by reading books, but by giving an education based on action, experience, thought, discretion and a sense of responsibility. This is Indian education, through this education one can become a capable citizen, rich in character and loyal, this is the realized belief of Vidya Bharati. Realizing this expectation of education, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the National Education Policy-2020. In this way, Vidya Bharati is at the forefront of the task of restoring Indian education to the country. Thanks to this, India will not only be self-sufficient, but thanks to its inheritance of knowledge, it will again be able to evolve towards the status of “Vishwaguru‘.
(Lalit Garg is a journalist, columnist, writer and member of Rajbhasa samiti, Ministry of Interior. The opinions expressed are the personal opinion of the author. He can be contacted at [email protected])