College can be a huge financial burden, especially if you pay out-of-state tuition fees compared to in-state tuition fees. The difference between tuition and tuition fees in-state and out-of-state 2018-2019 at four-year public colleges was $ 15,440 on average, according to data released by the College. Board.
Establishing residency in the state where you attend college can potentially save you tens of thousands of dollars. The process can be intimidating, but understanding how it works is the first step to success.
The requirements for becoming a resident vary widely by state and university, which can make the process confusing. Typically, you need to establish a physical presence in the state, an intention to stay there, and financial independence. Then you have to prove these things to your college or university.
Physical presence: Most states require that you live in the state for at least a full year before establishing your residence. In most cases, this means that students cannot return home during summer vacation. Ways to prove this include a lease with your name on it and regular bank statements showing you spend money in the state.
Intention: Students must show that they want to live in a state for reasons other than going to college there. You can prove this with a new driver’s license, a voter card, pay stubs, and a letter explaining your intentions to stay in that state.
Financial independence: Students must prove some kind of financial independence. Again, this definition varies widely, but it almost always involves students filing their own taxes. Some schools do not allow students to receive support from their parents, while others allow parents to pay part of the tuition fees.
Due to COVID-19, some students are studying in a different state than their school. A temporary change of location to study online should not affect your residency status for tuition fee purposes.
States with strong public universities, including California, Vermont, Michigan, and Arizona, tend to have strict residency requirements for tuition fees. The process is easier in Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota and Utah, says Jake Wells, founder of In-State Angels, a company that helps students navigate the process of establishment of residence for educational purposes. This is largely because these states want to attract more foreign talent to their schools, he adds.
International students also tend to be successful in establishing residency and securing tuition at the University of Missouri, University of Iowa and University of Oregon, says Joe Orsolini, financial planner. of Glen Ellyn, Illinois and president of college aid planners.
Other ways to save at outdoor schools
Orsolini says many of his clients are considering establishing a residence for tuition purposes, but few do so after weighing the savings against the time and money it takes.
“The benefit of residency vanishes when you consider the cost of living away from home, the tax breaks and missed credits and the opportunity cost of being out of the workforce that year. additional, ”Orsolini explains.
If establishing residency is not the right decision for you, there are other ways to get lower tuition fees at schools outside the state. Examine regional reciprocity agreements facilitated by the Southern Regional Education Board, Western Undergraduate Exchange, Midwest Student Exchange Program, or New England Board of Higher Education for discounted or in-state rates. Some colleges also offer scholarships specifically for international students.