Bharat literally means those who strive for the highest enlightenment and so our culture is based on the fourpurusartha or human aspirations: Dharma, Artha, Kama, Moksha, that is to say by “fair and ethical conduct”, that is to say “Dharma and our respective duties, Swadharma or kartavya‘,’ win ‘and’ enjoy ‘, in order to stay on the optimal path towards the achievement of the highest human goal, perfection, freedom, etc. Thus, the purpose of education and religions is to establish us in our respective spiritual practices. that in and through our vocation we can strive to harmonize both “material prosperity” and “spiritual growth” to achieve the highest enlightenment, which is the true goal of all religions and education.
Mahatma Gandhi, in his “Hind Swaraj”, affirms that our seers and sages have laid the foundations of our national unity and our Indian nation by establishing pilgrimage centers all over India. Secularism, according to Gandhiji, was to be “God-based” with an education focused on “putting our senses under our control and helping to imbue ethical behavior in our lives”; by “force of love” or “force of the soul”. He asserts that Bharat, the ancient Indian civilization, is suitable to be the true civilization, which he defines as that “mode of conduct which indicates to man the path of duty”. He adds that moral behavior is nothing more than “mastery of one’s mind.”
He admits that today modern India is moving away from these time tested values! The modern school and religions have so far failed to work together to make us strive to be good, better, better and to be responsible and enlightened citizens! The educated and the elite in positions of responsibility do not commit to to fulfill their duties towards the samaaja; they are not inspired to work for the good of the samaaja, to feel ‘apanaapan, unity ‘with more and more.
Learn our composite culture: Gandhiji says: I have looked through the works of Vivekananda very carefully, and after going through them, the love that I had for my country has multiplied by a thousand. Jawaharlal Nehru says: Directly or indirectly he powerfully influenced today’s India. And I think our younger generation will benefit from this fountain of wisdom, spirit and fire flowing through Swami Vivekananda.
Smt. Indira Gandhi, took two major decisions to disperse the spread of the ideals of Bharat. First, instead of focusing only on “fundamental rights” as provided for in the Constitution, it has taken steps to add a very important Article 51A, on “fundamental duties”. Second, she stated that Swami Vivekananda’s birthday should be celebrated as National Youth Day every year from 1985, as it was felt that the ideals he lived and worked for could be a great source of inspiration. inspiration for Indian youth.
Fundamental duties urge us to become aware of the “rich heritage of our composite culture”; “To cherish and follow the noble ideas which inspired our national struggle for freedom”; “Develop a scientific temperament”; ‘strive for excellence’; “To promote harmony and common fraternity”; environmental protection, etc.
The CM of the Gujarat era Shri Narendra Modi (May 2010), now Prime Minister, suggested that we should propagate Swami Vivekananda as a role model for young people… His four strands of yoga “Gyan, Bhakti, Raj and Karma” should be promoted in a big way ”.
Essence of our Composite Culture – Vivekananda: “Every soul is potentially divine. The goal is to manifest this Divinity within by controlling nature, external and internal (Spirit). Do it either by work, or by worship, or by psychic control, or by philosophy – by one, or several, or all of these – and be free. It’s all religion. Doctrines, or dogmas, or rituals, or books, or temples, or forms, are only secondary details ”.
“My whole ambition in life is to set in motion a mechanism that will bring noble ideas to everyone’s doorstep, and then to let men and women take care of their own fate. Let them know what our ancestors as well as other nations thought about the most important matters in life. Let them see above all what others are doing now, then decide ”. “If a man with an ideal makes a thousand mistakes, a man without an ideal makes fifty thousand; it is therefore better to have an ideal ”.
Supreme Court (12e September 2002) observed: Values-based education has the potential to help the nation fight against all kinds of fanaticism, malice, violence, dishonesty, corruption, exploitation and drug addiction. Although not the only source, religion is a major source of value creation. What is needed is an education on religion, its foundations, the values inherent in it, and a comparative study of the philosophy of all religions.
National Commission for Secondary Education: The supreme end of the educational process should be the formation of character and personality so that they… contribute to the well-being of the community. “If we exclude spiritual training, we would not be faithful to all of our historical development.” “We must evolve a national faith, a national way of life based on the Indian vision of religion, without dogmas, rituals and affirmations. “ Schools can and should strive to resolve and support universal and eternal values oriented towards the unity and integration of people enabling them to achieve the treasure inside ”.
The essential message of all religions is to inspire us to aim for the highest and the best by establishing ourselves in the habit of everyday life swadhyaya (Self-study) to know the highest and daily sadhna (self-development practices) to develop the powers and purity of mind to speak to the highest. If we don’t make young people walk the lane during schooling, we cannot have good teachers and without good teachers we cannot have good citizens!
Hopefully NEP will focus on inspiring us to work for samaja’s sake.