What is real estate? – NerdWallet

Real estate is land and everything permanently attached to it, such as buildings, houses, fences, and trees. Real estate is also called real estate.

What counts as “permanently attached” to real estate often depends on local, state and federal regulations and what has been specifically cited in the contract for the sale of a property. Real estate and real estate are not the same as personal property.

Personal property refers to property that can be moved. Appliances like washers and dryers can be bought or sold with a home, but they are not considered part of the property. Likewise, rights to underground minerals can be sold separately from the land itself. Whether you are attached to the owner’s stainless steel appliances or want to search for gold in your new backyard, it is important to include these details in writing when buying or selling a property. immovable.

What are the types of real estate?

There are three main types of traditional and physical real estate.

  1. Residential real estate refers to a property where people can reside or stay, including single family homes, apartments, condos, and vacation homes. Investors in residential real estate make money by collecting rent from tenants or selling real estate that has risen in value.

  2. Commercial real estate is a building or property where business is conducted – think linear shopping malls, warehouses and office buildings. Commercial real estate can include industrial real estate (where goods are manufactured and housed, such as factories) and commercial real estate (where goods or services are sold, such as shopping malls). Commercial property owners also make money by collecting rents from tenants and potential increases in property values ​​that generate a profit on the sale.

  3. Earthen can be bought and sold as is or it can be developed. Investing in raw land can be tricky and involves more risk than investing in existing buildings. There is often no way for raw land to generate income unless you build on it, lease its use, or use it for farming purposes.

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Invest in real estate

If you are a homeowner, have a previous investment in real estate, and enjoy taking care of a property, you may want to consider buying more traditional real estate and renting it out. But if you don’t want to own a home, you can always add real estate to your portfolio.

One way is with publicly traded companies REIT, or real estate investment trusts. REITs are companies that sometimes own and operate income-producing real estate. REITs are required to return at least 90% of their taxable income to shareholders each year, making them a popular choice for those looking to receive regular income payments – called dividends – from their investments.

Listed REITs offer high levels of liquidity (meaning you can buy and sell them easily) because their stocks are traded on a stock exchange.

Another non-traditional real estate investment option is to invest through a real estate crowdfunding platform. Many of them offer unlisted or private REITs, which tend to have less liquidity than publicly traded REITs. In return, these platforms claim to offer a high rate of return.

Why is real estate important?

Adding real estate to your investment portfolio helps you diversify your assets, which may make you more resistant to economic volatility. By spreading your money over different types of investments, such as stocks, bonds, and real estate, you create a stabilizing force within your portfolio. When stocks fall, real estate can rise (or vice versa).

By spreading your money over different types of investments, such as stocks, bonds, and real estate, you create a stabilizing force within your portfolio.

The real estate market can reflect the ups and downs of other assets. But movements in the real estate market are usually not as dramatic as those in the stock market, and the two assets can sometimes move in opposite directions, creating a balance for investors.

Should I invest in stocks or in real estate?

Investing in both stocks and real estate can be smart, and it’s quite common since many Americans invest in stocks and own a home. For a comparison of the two, read this article on stocks vs real estate. And you can easily invest in REITs through many online brokerage firms.


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